Constantine XI Palaeologus , the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. Blessed Constantine, whose feast is celebrated on May 29 (e.g., St. Herman Calendar 2000, p.38), was a man whose personal life was marked by tragedy, but who above all … final charge against the invading Islamic marauders. 2. Constantine I, first Roman emperor to profess Christianity. This story, most famously told by Jehovah Witnesses and Fundamentalist Protestants, came out of their necessity to support their lie that there was an apostasy in the early Church. He had no children by either marriage. During the absence of his older brother, Emperor John VIII, at. Catholic and Orthodox as a saint and, in the West, as a champion of the reunion of the You are so blinded by your bigotry and hatred that you will not even give him the credit that is is due. Noun: 1. "Greater Constantine XI Dragases Palaeologos, 1404-1453, last Emperor of Byzantium. Fritzsche, II, p 288 sq. Kevin Knight. Patrons of Constantine. It becomes a sacrilege to violate their persons, and every indignity offered to them in word or act, becomes an indignity offered to God Himself. union of Florence. That is sort of what happened with the union of Florence in 1439. They will be spoken of with becoming reverence, instead of being in public estimation fitting butts for all foul tongues. He is sometimes referred to as Constantine XII, based on the erroneous idea that Constantine Lascaris was crowned in 1204. He not only initiated the evolution of the empire into a Christian state but also provided the impulse for a distinctively Christian culture which grew into Byzantine and Western medieval culture. Constantine XI Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos, Serbian: Konstantin XI Dragaš Paleolog February 8, 1404 – May 29, 1453) was the last reigning Roman Emperor. Both Communists and Nazis persecuted Roman Catholicism. Copyright © 2021 LivingBreadRadio.com. Saved by abigail emma ledger. Christians) ever since. He knew he was defending the ancient Christian capital of Constantine, the Eastern Roman Empire and. Constantine XI Palaiologos and The Empress Helena favoured union between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. Junior Emperor and emperor called the "Thirteenth Apostle" in the East. Later, in 325 A.D., Constantine called the Council of Nicaea in an attempt to unify Christianity. Through the same Lord...", The knights of religion thus became the first and foremost defenders of Christian civilisation against its enemies. Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Monomachus (Medieval Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος, romanized: Kōnstantinos IX Monomachos; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055. Constantine XI married twice: the first time on 1 July 1428 to Theodora Tocco, niece of Carlo I Tocco of Epirus, who died in November 1429; the second time to Caterina Gattilusio, daughter of Dorino of Lesbos, who also died, during childbirth, in 1442. Ironically, Murad decided in favour of Constantine, and on 6 January 1449 Constantine was crowned in the cathedral at Mistra by the local bishop. By this time, however, crusades had changed. But they said: Lord, behold here are two swords. To be a Roman was to be a Christian and this idea soon passed into the converse. Infamously, Constantine's chief minister and military All of the Catholics in the city, mostly Venetians, were killed. Anti-Catholic Myths and Lies: #1 Emperor Constantine Founded the Catholic Church. XI). Eastern Byzantine Christian Roman Emperor Constantine XI, Sultan Murad used bombards, siege engines and scaling ladders, breaching the walls on 10 December 1446. He was killed in the melee. Hungary refused to assist, and, instead of sending men, Pope Nicholas V saw the precarious situation as an opportunity to push for the reunification of the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, a priority of the papacy since 1054. He had no children by either marriage. He was the fourth son of Manuel II Palaeologus and Helen Dragases. Sultan Mehmed II prepares to invade the great Eastern Christian Roman capital of Constantinople. part in the fighting alongside his troops. In the meantime, Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus entreated major powers in Christendom to aid him in the impending siege. 1970 (Bibl Patr. Christians were having "Catholic" Masses long before this "legalization" of Christianity. Burned are our homes, exile and death, Scatter the loyal men, Yet, e'er the sword cool in the sheath, Charlie will come again. Constantine XI like his older brother John VIII Paleologus became Papists (Roman Catholics) and committed apostasy from Orthodoxy. And he shall come again to judge both the quick and the dead. These emperors transgressed against the Orthodox Church destroying the symphony between church and state and trampling on the Holy Canons and on Orthodoxy. Sphrantzes started official negotiations with the Georgian king, who had sent an ambassador to Constantinople for that reason. Forasmuch as the great and holy Synod, which was assembled at Niece through the grace of Christ and our most religious Sovereign Constantine, who brought us together from our several provinces and cities, has considered matters which concern the faith of the Church, it seemed to us to be necessary that certain things should be communicated from us to you in writing, so that you might have the means of knowing what has been mooted and investigated, and also what has been decreed and confirmed. Άγιος Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ, προσευχηθείτε για μας! He is a saint for our time so threatened by those same The proposal was welcomed by her father, Despot Đurađ Branković, but it foundered on the objection of Mara herself who had vowed that "if God ever released her from the hands of the infidel she would lead a life of celibacy and chastity for the rest of her days". He was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, a member of the, He was the eighth of ten children born to, Devoted to his mother, he added her surname (. 2014. Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that’s now known as Istanbul. And whosoever shall say that there was a time when the Son of God was not (ἤν ποτε ὅτε οὐκ ἦν), or that before he was begotten he was not, or that he was made of things that were not, or that he is of a different substance or essence [from the Father] or that he is a creature, or subject to change or conversion — all that so say, the Catholic and Apostolic Church anathematizes them.”. He was the first Christian emperor and saw the empire begin to become a Christian state. Constantine was the fourth son of One such campaign was sanctioned by Emperor Trajan after he received a letter from Pliny (A.D. 111-113). He was never to be seen again. While the Latin crusaders were besieging Constantinople in April 1204, the emperor Alexius V slipped away into exile, and Constantine, one of the city s leading defenders,… Three hundred years before Constantine, Christians believed in the real presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, honoured Mary, had elaborate ceremonies, prayed for the dead, respected the Church hierarchy, baptized babies, recognized Peter as the Rock, built the Church upon him with successors and followed a rich tradition o… The myth is that because the Church of the Apostles fell in to apostasy, a remnant of the true and orthodox believers of Jesus remained hidden from and often persecuted by the Catholic Church until THEY brought the reform and true faith back. And of the charges against him and of the results they had, you have either already heard or will hear the particulars, lest we should seem to be oppressing a man who has in fact received a fitting recompense for his own sin. heathen infidel terrorists. Light to the Nations. "Let us pray also for our most Christian Emperor that the Lord God may reduce to his obedience all barbarous nations for our perpetual peace. Who for us men and for our salvation came down [from heaven] and was incarnate and was made man. Love the brethren. They were not Christian and thus the allegations that Constantine persecuted the original church, founded the Catholic Church and was the first pope, are false. Lat. The crusades were a series of religious wars in western Asia and Europe initiated, supported and sometimes directed by the Catholic Church, Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus, the last reigning Roman and Byzantine Emperor, at Constantinopel, Konstantin Paläologus in Konstantinopel, Konstantinos XI. He got his wish with lasting consequences. Catholic Textbook Project. Developed by HyperDo Media Inc. The Anti-Catholic Myth: The Roman Emperor Constantine established himself as the head of the church around 313 A.D., which made this new “Christianity” the official religion of the Roman Empire. In the years prior to Constantine, a number of Roman emperors had persecuted the Church Jesus established. Constantine the Great. Constantine XI married twice: the first time on 1 July 1428 to Theodora Tocco, niece of Carlo I Tocco of Epirus, ... Demetrios drew support for his opposition to the union between the Orthodox and Catholic churches. First of all, then, in the presence of our most religious Sovereign Constantine, investigation was made of matters concerning the impiety and transgression of Arius and his adherents; and it was unanimously decreed that he and his impious opinion should be anathematized, together with the blasphemous words and speculations in which he indulged, blaspheming the Son of God, and saying that he is from things that are not, and that before he was begotten he was not, and that there was a time when he was not, and that the Son of God is by his free will capable of vice and virtue; saying also that he is a creature. ___________________________________________ from Benozzo Gozzoli's 1459 representation of the Three Kings. While his brother John VIII Palaiologos was Emperor, Constantine had became the, Constantine XI married twice, on 1 July 1428 to. CONSTANTINE XI PALAEOLOGUS, BYZANTINE EMPEROR Born in Constantinople, 1404; d. May 29, 1453. You believe that if it makes you feel better but the truth is that the Orthodox Empire went heretical and gradually fell into more and more corruption until it was too weak to defend Christianity from Islam. Men hypocritically speak of the violence of former centuries but no century has ever been anything like as bloody as the 20th century. Collegeville, Minnesota. The imperial double eagle of the Palaiologoi emperors of Byzantium. The Liturgical Press. FACT. All these things the Holy Synod has anathematized, not even enduring to hear his impious doctrine and madness and blasphemous words. And he said to them, it is enough. * Jurgen, William A. Constantine did not invent Catholicism, he simply recognized it and let people legally be Christian. Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. In the end, the saintly and heroic Constantine XI doffed An imperial council of war pleaded for Constantine XI to flee but the stalwart emperor refused. September 2005; October 2005 FACE THE FACTS- THE LAST TWO BYZANTINE EMPERORS WERE GREEK-RITE ROMAN CATHOLICS. How pathetically sad. To Americans to whom the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 is already a hazy memory and anything before World War II ancient history, an event in 1453 would seem to … Crying "The city is fallen and I am still alive", he tore off his imperial regalia and joined his remaining soldiers in a last desperate charge, defending an empire and a city that had fallen after more than 1000 years. Honour the Emperor [Caesar].” (1 Pet 2:17) +++ “Then Paul said: I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged….I appeal to Caesar.” (Acts 25:10-11). Mining operations and assaults, even constructing a siege tower, which Byzantines. St. Helena, Constantine XI Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor ( 1449–53 ), in. 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